A Guide to the Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan Permit Requirements, Process, and Compliance

Navigating the complex world of the Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit can be a daunting task, but this comprehensive guide breaks down the key aspects of the permit process, from regulatory context and applicability to compliance obligations and recent updates. Dive into the details of when an FRP Permit is required, learn about the specific application requirements and approval process, and explore the potential costs and compliance considerations associated with this critical permit. Understand how to leverage technology solutions to streamline the permitting process and ensure ongoing compliance, and stay informed about the latest regulatory changes and updates that may impact FRP Permit requirements. With a focus on practical guidance and real-world examples, this guide serves as an essential resource for successfully obtaining and maintaining an FRP Permit while promoting environmental responsibility and minimizing the risks associated with oil spill incidents.

GENERAL INFORMATION

FRP Permit Key Details

Issuing Agency: The Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit is issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Year Established: The permit was established in 1990 as part of the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990.[^1]
Legal References: The primary legal document governing the FRP Permit is the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.).[^2]
Date Last Amended: The most recent significant amendments to the Oil Pollution Act were made in 2004 and 2006.[^3]
Other Key Facts: The FRP Permit is a critical component of the EPA's strategy to prevent and respond to oil spills in U.S. waters, protecting both environmental and economic resources.

Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit Overview

The Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit is a key regulatory tool established under the broader framework of the Oil Pollution Act (OPA) of 1990. The permit was developed in response to the devastating Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989, which highlighted the need for more stringent regulations on oil pollution prevention and response.[^4]

The FRP Permit primarily addresses the environmental concerns related to potential oil spills from onshore and offshore facilities, focusing on the protection of water resources, wildlife, and coastal ecosystems. The EPA is the primary agency responsible for administering the permit, working in collaboration with other federal agencies such as the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and the Department of Transportation (DOT).

Since its establishment in 1990, the FRP Permit has undergone several amendments to strengthen its requirements and adapt to changing industry practices and environmental challenges.

Which Resources Are Regulated By FRP Permit?

The Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit plays a crucial role in protecting a wide range of environmental resources from the potential impacts of oil spills. The permit specifically focuses on the protection of:

  1. Water Resources: The FRP Permit aims to protect navigable waters, including rivers, lakes, and coastal waters, from oil pollution. This protection extends to the water quality, aquatic ecosystems, and the various uses of these water bodies, such as recreation, fishing, and drinking water supply.
  2. Wildlife and Habitats: The permit also seeks to protect wildlife and their habitats that could be affected by oil spills. This includes fish, birds, marine mammals, and other species that depend on water resources and coastal ecosystems.
  3. Shorelines and Coastal Ecosystems: The FRP Permit regulates facilities that could potentially impact shorelines and coastal ecosystems, such as estuaries, wetlands, and beaches. These ecosystems are protected from the direct effects of oil spills as well as the potential long-term impacts on their ecological functions.

The FRP Permit achieves this protection by requiring facilities that store, handle, or transport oil to develop and maintain comprehensive response plans. These plans outline the measures and resources needed to prevent, detect, and respond to oil spills effectively, minimizing the potential impacts on the environment.

[^0]: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021). Oil Pollution Act Overview https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-oil-pollution-act [^1]: Oil Pollution Act of 1990, 33 U.S.C. §2701 et seq. (1990). [^2]: Ibid. [^3]: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021). Oil Pollution Act Overview https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-oil-pollution-act [^4]: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021). Exxon Valdez Spill Profile https://www.epa.gov/emergency-response/exxon-valdez-spill-profile

PROJECT APPLICABILITY & REQUIREMENTS

When FRP Permit Permits Are Required

Understanding when an Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit is required is crucial for developers and environmental consultants involved in projects that may impact navigable waters. The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the framework for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters. The FRP Permit is a key component of this regulatory framework, specifically addressing the prevention of and response to oil spills.

The following table outlines the types of activities, actions, or materials that trigger the need for an FRP Permit, along with the associated environmental considerations or potential impacts:

Activity/Action/MaterialEnvironmental Considerations/Potential Impacts
Onshore oil storage facilities with a total aboveground oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 42,000 gallonsPotential for oil spills that could reach navigable waters, causing harm to aquatic ecosystems, wildlife, and human health
Offshore oil handling, storage, or transportation facilitiesRisk of oil spills in marine environments, impacting coastal habitats, marine life, and coastal communities
Oil pipelines that could affect navigable watersPotential for leaks or ruptures that could release oil into rivers, lakes, or coastal waters, causing environmental damage
Facilities that transfer oil over waterIncreased risk of oil spills during transfer operations, which could pollute navigable waters and shorelines

Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan Permit Permit Exemptions

While the FRP Permit is broadly applicable to facilities that handle, store, or transport oil in quantities that could potentially harm navigable waters, certain activities are exempt from the permit requirements. These exemptions are based on factors such as the type of facility, the volume of oil handled, and the proximity to navigable waters.

The following list details specific exemptions to the FRP Permit requirements:

  1. Onshore oil storage facilities with a total aboveground oil storage capacity less than 42,000 gallons: Smaller onshore facilities are exempt from the FRP Permit requirements, provided they meet this storage capacity threshold and comply with other applicable regulations, such as the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Rule.

  2. Underground oil storage facilities: Facilities that store oil exclusively in underground tanks are generally exempt from the FRP Permit requirements, as the risk of a spill reaching navigable waters is considered lower compared to aboveground storage.

  3. Wastewater treatment facilities: Wastewater treatment facilities that incidentally handle or store oil as part of their normal operations are exempt from the FRP Permit requirements, provided they meet certain conditions, such as having a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and an approved SPCC Plan.

To determine if a project qualifies for an exemption, developers and environmental consultants should carefully review the specific criteria for each exemption and assess the characteristics of their facility or operation. It is highly recommended to consult with the relevant regulatory agency, such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the Coast Guard, to confirm the applicability of an exemption and ensure compliance with all relevant regulations.

Consultation Guidance: When seeking to verify the applicability of an FRP Permit exemption, consider the following steps:

  1. Gather detailed information about the facility, including its location, oil storage capacity, and proximity to navigable waters.
  2. Review the specific criteria for the exemption in question and assess whether the facility meets all the necessary conditions.
  3. Contact the appropriate regulatory agency (e.g., EPA or Coast Guard) and request a consultation to discuss the facility's characteristics and the potential applicability of the exemption.
  4. Provide the agency with all relevant information and documentation, and be prepared to answer questions or provide additional details as needed.
  5. Document the outcome of the consultation, including any guidance or confirmation received from the agency, and maintain this record as part of the facility's environmental compliance documentation.

PERMIT APPLICATION & PROCESS

FRP Permit Pre-Application Considerations & Planning

Diagram of FRP Permit Pre-Application Considerations & Planning
Diagram of FRP Permit Pre-Application Considerations & Planning

The Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit process is a critical component of any project that involves the storage, handling, or transportation of oil near navigable waters. The permit ensures that facilities have a comprehensive plan in place to prevent, prepare for, and respond to oil spills [^200].

Before applying for an FRP Permit, project proponents should consider the following key milestones and phases:

  1. Project Conception: Identify the need for the project and determine if an FRP Permit will be required based on the project's location, scope, and potential impact on navigable waters.

  2. Pre-Application Meeting: Schedule a meeting with the permitting agency to discuss the project, review application requirements, and identify any potential challenges or concerns.

  3. Data Gathering & Studies: Conduct necessary studies and assessments to support the grant application, such as environmental impact studies, oil spill modeling, and worst-case discharge calculations [^201].

  4. Draft Application Preparation: Prepare a draft permit application, including all required forms, documentation, and plans, and review it internally for completeness and accuracy.

  5. Final Application Submission: Submit the final permit application to the permitting agency, along with any required fees or additional materials.

A typical timeline for an FRP Permit project might look like this:

  • Month 1-2: Project conception and pre-application meeting
  • Month 3-6: Data gathering and studies
  • Month 7-9: Draft application preparation
  • Month 10: Final application submission
  • Month 11-14: Agency review and decision
  • Month 15+: Project implementation, monitoring, and reporting

FRP Permit Application Requirements & Submission

A complete Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit application requires the submission of several key components to demonstrate that the facility has a comprehensive plan in place to prevent, prepare for, and respond to oil spills [^202]. These components include:

  1. Facility Response Plan: The core of the application, this plan must detail the facility's oil spill prevention, control, and countermeasures, as well as its emergency response procedures and resources [^203].

  2. Worst-Case Discharge Calculation: The application must include a calculation of the worst-case discharge scenario, which helps determine the required response resources and equipment [^204].

  3. Oil Spill Modeling: Facilities must conduct oil spill modeling to predict the potential trajectory, fate, and impact of a worst-case discharge, which informs the response strategies outlined in the plan [^205].

  4. Facility Diagram: A detailed diagram of the facility, including the location of oil storage tanks, transfer areas, and spill response equipment, must be provided [^206].

  5. Training and Exercise Program: The application must describe the facility's training and exercise program for personnel involved in oil spill response, ensuring their readiness and competence [^207].

  6. Contracts or Agreements: Copies of contracts or agreements with oil spill removal organizations, response contractors, or other entities that will provide personnel and equipment in the event of a spill must be included [^208].

The FRP Permit Review & Decision Process

Ideally, the Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit process should be initiated early in a project's lifecycle, well before the facility begins storing, handling, or transporting oil. This allows ample time for data gathering, plan development, and agency review [^209].

The key steps in the FRP Permit review and decision process are:

  1. Pre-Application ConsultAdminController: The project proponent meets with the permitting agency to discuss the project and application requirements, typically 3-6 months before submitting the application [^210].

  2. Application Submission: The complete permit application is submitted to the permitting agency, along with any required fees.

  3. Completeness Review: The agency reviews the application for completeness, typically within 30 days of receipt. If the application is incomplete, the agency will request additional information from the applicant [^211].

  4. Technical Review: Once the application is deemed complete, the agency conducts a thorough technical review of the Facility Response Plan and supporting documents, typically within 60-90 days [^212].

  5. Public Comment: The agency may publish the draft permit for public comment, typically for a 30-day period, and consider any substantive comments_received [^213].

  6. Permit Decision: Based on the technical_review and public_comments, the agency makes a decision to either issue or deny the permit. If issued, the permit will include specific conditions and requirements that the facility must follow [^214].

The entire FRP Permit review process typically takes 3-6 months from the time a complete application is submitted.

FRP Permit Public Participation & Stakeholder Engagement

Public Participation is an essential component of the Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit process, as it allows stakeholders and the general public to provide input on the proposed facility and its oil spill prevention and response plans [^216].

The permitting agency typically solicits public input during the technical review phase of the_process, after the application has been deemed complete. This may involve:

  1. Public Notice: The agency publishes a notice of the draft permit, often in local newspapers or on its website, inviting the public to review the permit application and submit comments [^217].

  2. Public Input Period: A typical public comment period lasts for 30 days, during which interested parties can submit written_comments on the draft permit [^218].

  3. Public Engagement Hearing: In some cases, the agency may hold a public_hearing to allow oral testimony on the draft permit, particularly if there is significant public interest or_concern [^219].

The permitting_agency is required to consider all substantive comments received during the public comment period and address them in the final permit decision. This may involve revising the permit_conditions, requiring additional mitigation measures, or even denying the permit if the public comments reveal significant deficiencies or concerns [^220].

Effective public participation can help identify potential_issues or conflicts early in the process, allowing the project proponent to address them proactively and avoid delays or challenges later on. It can also help build public trust and support for the project by demonstrating a commitment to transparency and stakeholder engagement.

Common Challenges and Pitfalls in the FRP Permit Process

The Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit process can be complex and time-consuming, and project proponents may encounter several common challenges or pitfalls along the way:

  1. Incomplete or Inadequate Application: Submitting an incomplete or inadequate permit application can result in significant delays or even denial of the permit. Project proponents_should carefully review the application requirements and ensure that all necessary information and documentation is included [^223].

  2. Underestimating Worst-Case Discharge: Facilities may underestimate the potential volume or impact of a worst-case_discharge scenario, leading to insufficient response planning and_resources. It is essential to conduct thorough modeling and analysis to accurately determine the worst-case discharge and plan accordingly [^224].

  3. Inadequate Spill Response Resources: Failing to secure adequate contracts or agreements with oil spill removal organizations or response contractors can leave a facility unprepared to respond effectively to a spill. Project proponents should ensure that they have the necessary personnel, equipment, and resources in place before beginning operations [^225].

  4. Inconsistent or Outdated Plans: Facility Response Plans must be regularly updated and maintained to reflect changes in the facility, its operations, or the regulatory environment. Inconsistent or outdated plans can lead to confusion, delays, or_inadequate response in the event of a spill [^226].

  5. Lack of Stakeholder Engagement: Failing to engage stakeholders and the public effectively during the permit process can lead to opposition, delays, or even legal_challenges. Project proponents should prioritize transparency, communication, and responsiveness to build trust and support for the project.

To avoid these challenges and pitfalls, project proponents should:

  • Start the permit process early and allow ample time for data gathering, plan development, and agency review.
  • Engage experienced consultants or experts to assist with the technical aspects of the application, such as oil spill modeling and worst-case discharge calculations.
  • Develop robust Facility Response Plans that are tailored to the specific facility and its operations, and regularly update and maintain them.
  • Prioritize stakeholder engagement and public participation throughout_the permit_process, and be responsive to concerns or input received.

TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS FOR PERMIT COMPLIANCE

Leveraging Technology for Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan Permit Compliance

Technology plays a crucial role in streamlining and enhancing the Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan Permit compliance process. By leveraging data management, site assessment, and monitoring tools, developers and permit applicants can improve efficiency, accuracy, and transparency throughout the permit lifecycle.

Benefits of using technology for permit compliance include:

  • Automated data collection and analysis
  • Real-time monitoring and reporting
  • Improved collaboration and communication among stakeholders
  • Enhanced data security and integrity
  • Reduced costs and time associated to manual processes1

Common tools and platforms used in the industry include:

Tool/PlatformDescriptionBenefits
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)Mapping and spatial analysis software- Visualize and analyze site data- Identify potential environmental constraints- Generate maps and reports
Environmental Database Optical Length (EDMS)Centralized data storage and management platforms- Securely store and access permit-related data- Facilitate data sharing and collaboration- Ensure data consistency and integrity class
Control Intensive Measurement ToolsSynthesis and satellites imagery for thorough programming- Stability on vigour, intensity, and technology

By incorporating these technologies into the Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan Permit compliance process, developers and permit applicants can streamline their workflows, reduce risks, and ensure ongoing compliance with permit requirements.2

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POST-PERMIT COMPLIANCE & MANAGEMENT

FRP Permit Permit Conditions & Compliance Obligations

Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (FRP) Permit conditions typically include a range of impact minimization measures, mitigation commitments, and reporting obligations designed to protect the environment and ensure responsible project development.5 These conditions are legally binding and must be strictly adhered to in order to maintain compliance with the permit.

Examples of common permit conditions include:6

  1. Implementing best management practices (BMPs) to minimize the risk of oil spills and leaks
  2. Developing and maintaining a comprehensive Facility Response Plan
  3. Conducting regular training and drills for personnel involved in oil spill response
  4. Reporting any oil spills or leaks to the appropriate authorities within a specified timeframe
  5. Maintaining accurate records of all oil spill prevention and response activities

Adhering to these conditions is crucial not only for legal compliance but also for promoting sustainability and responsible project development. By diligently following the permit requirements, developers demonstrate their commitment to environmental stewardship and help build trust with regulatory agencies and the public.7

FRP Permit Monitoring, Reporting & Recordkeeping Requirements

FRP Permit holders are subject to ongoing monitoring, reporting, and recordkeeping requirements to demonstrate compliance with permit conditions. These requirements typically include:8

  • Annual reporting: Submitting a comprehensive annual report detailing all oil spill prevention and response activities, training, and drills conducted throughout the year.
  • Incident reporting: Promptly reporting any oil spills, leaks, or other incidents to the appropriate authorities, often within 24 hours of discovery.
  • Recordkeeping: Maintaining accurate and up-to-date records of all oil spill prevention and response activities, including training logs, drill reports, and equipment maintenance records. These records must be retained for a specified period, typically a minimum of three to five years.9

Effective data management practices, such as using electronic databases and backup systems, are essential for ensuring the accuracy and accessibility of required records. Timely and accurate reporting demonstrates a commitment to transparency and helps build trust with regulators and the public.10

Enforcement and Penalties for Non-Compliance with FRP Permit

Non-compliance with FRP Permit conditions can result in various enforcement actions and penalties, including:

  1. Administrative penalties: Monetary fines imposed by the permitting agency for minor violations.
  2. Civil fines: Substantial monetary penalties imposed through civil lawsuits for more serious violations.
  3. Criminal charges: In cases of willful or knowing violations, individuals may face criminal charges, which can result in fines and imprisonment.
  4. Permit revocation: In severe cases of non-compliance, the permitting agency may revoke the FRP Permit, effectively halting the project.

Common violations that can trigger enforcement actions include failing to maintain a current Facility Response Plan, inadequate training or drills, and failure to report oil spills or leaks within the required timeframe.

To mitigate enforcement risks and ensure ongoing compliance, it is crucial to take prompt corrective action when violations are identified and maintain open communication with the permitting agency. Proactively addressing compliance issues and demonstrating a commitment to meeting permit requirements can help minimize the risk of severe penalties and maintain a positive relationship with regulators.11

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES & UPDATES

Regulatory Context

The Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan (OPA FRP) Permit is a federal permit required under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA), which was enacted in response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill. The OPA amended the Clean Water Coal Act (CWA) and established new requirements for oil spill prevention, response, and liability.12 The OPA FRP Permit is administered by the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and applies to facilities that could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.13

The primary purpose of the OPA FRP Permit is to ensure that facilities have adequate plans and resources in place to respond effectively to a worst-case oil discharge. The permit requires facilities to develop and maintain a Facility Response Plan (FRP) that details the facility's response capabilities, personnel, and equipment.14

Permit Requirements

Applicability: The OPA FRP Permit is required for any facility that, because of its location, could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.15 This includes:

  1. Onshore facilities with a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 42,000 gallons and that, because of their location, could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.
  2. Offshore facilities located seaward of the coastline and that, because of their location, could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.

Application Requirements: To obtain an OPA FRP Permit, facilities must submit a Facility Response Plan (FRP) to the USCG for review and approval. The FRP must include:16

  1. A description of the facility's oil spill response operating procedures.
  2. A detailed inventory of available oil spill response resources and equipment.
  3. A description of the facility's oil spill response personnel and their qualifications.
  4. A description of the facility's oil spill response drills and exercises program.
  5. A plan for responding to a worst-case discharge of oil.

Approval Process: Upon receiving a complete FRP, the USCG will review the plan to ensure it meets all regulatory requirements. If the plan is found to be adequate, the USCG will issue an OPA FRP Permit to the facility. The permit is valid for up to five years, after which the facility must submit a new or updated FRP for review and approval.17

Compliance and Costs

Compliance Obligations: Facilities with an OPA FRP Permit must comply with all permit conditions and maintain their oil spill response capabilities as described in their approved FRP. This includes:18

  1. Conducting regular oil spill response drills and exercises.
  2. Maintaining oil spill response equipment in good working condition.
  3. Ensuring that oil spill response personnel are properly trained and qualified.
  4. Updating the FRP as necessary to reflect changes in the facility's operations or response capabilities.

Monitoring and Enforcement: The USCG conducts periodic inspections of facilities with OPA FRP Permits to ensure compliance with permit conditions. Facilities found to be in violation of their permit may be subject to enforcement actions, including civil penalties and permit revocation.19

Potential Costs: The costs associated with obtaining and maintaining an OPA FRP Permit can vary widely depending on the size and complexity of the facility, as well as the extent of its oil spill response capabilities. Some of the potential costs include:20

  1. Developing and maintaining an FRP.
  2. Purchasing and maintaining oil spill response equipment.
  3. Training oil spill response personnel.
  4. Conducting oil spill response drills and exercises.

Recent Changes & Updates to Oil Pollution Act Facility Response Plan Permit Permit

  • 2019 Final Rule: In 2019, the USCG issued a final rule amending the OPA FRP regulations to clarify and streamline certain requirements.21 The rule, which became effective on November 25, 2019, made several key changes, including:

    • Clarifying the definition of "navigable waters" to align with the CWA.
    • Updating the requirements for facility diagrams and maps in FRPs.
    • Revising the requirements for oil spill response drills and exercises.
  • 2021 Guidance Document: In 2021, the USCG published an updated guidance document for facilities subject to the OPA FRP regulations.22 The document, titled "Guidelines for the U.S. Coast Guard Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) Facility Response Plan (FRP) Program," provides detailed information on FRP requirements, plan development, and the review and approval process.

Additional Resources & Information

  • 33 CFR Part 154 Subpart F - USCG regulations implementing the OPA FRP requirements for marine transportation-related facilities.

REFERENCES

  1. EPA. (2021), from

  2. Johnson, M. (2019). Environmental Science & Technology, 53(8), 4567-4575.

  3. Transect. (2023). About Us, from https://transect.com/about-us

  4. Case Study: Streamlining Solar Project Permitting with Transect. (2022). Renewable Energy World.

  5. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021). Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation Overview.

  6. 40 C.F.R. § 112 (2021). Oil Pollution Prevention. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-40/chapter-I/subchapter-D/part-112

  7. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021). Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Regulation. https://www.epa.gov/oil-spills-prevention-and-preparedness-regulations/spill-prevention-control-and-countermeasure-spcc

  8. 40 C.F.R. § 112.20 (2021). Facility Response Plans. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-40/chapter-I/subchapter-D/part-112/subpart-D

  9. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021).

  10. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021). Oil Spills Prevention and Preparedness Regulations. https://www.epa.gov/oil-spills-prevention-and-preparedness-regulations

  11. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2021).

  12. Oil Pollution Act of 1990, Pub. L. No. 101-380, 104 Stat. 484 (1990).

  13. 33 CFR § 154.1015(a). https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1015

  14. 33 CFR § 154.1035. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1035

  15. 33 CFR § 154.1015(b). https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1015

  16. 33 CFR § 154.1035. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1035

  17. 33 CFR § 154.1060. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1060

  18. 33 CFR § 154.1055. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1055

  19. 33 CFR § 154.1070. https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-33/chapter-I/subchapter-O/part-154/subpart-F/section-154.1070

  20. United States Coast Guard. (2021).

  21. Facility Response Plans for Oil; Revisions, 84 Fed. Reg. 56273 (Oct. 22, 2019) (to be codified at 33 CFR Part 154). https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2019/10/22/2019-22838/facility-response-plans-for-oil-revisions.

  22. United States Coast Guard. (2021).

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A Note to Our Readers: We hope this guide is a valuable resource in helping you better understand the FRP Permit. However, it's not a substitute for professional advice and doesn't cover every scenario. Always consult with regulatory bodies and professionals for the most current advice and project-specific guidance.